Distinguishing Features - Crown and back of neck, gray; back, wings, olive brown with black bars; rump, white; side of head, throat and upper breast, brownish. Red crescent at nape of neck; black crescent across breast; black patches below eye; underbody whitish, heavily spotted in black. Male and female but female is slightly smaller and lacks black patches below eyes.
Size - 30.5 - 35 cm (12 - 14 in).
A wide variety of sites but prefers open woodlands, farmlands and pastures.
Excavates a cavity in the dead wood of a tree, telephone pole or a fence post. Eggs, 6 - 9; white. Incubation period 11 - 12 days.
The Northern Flicker lives on a diet of insects it forages on the ground or trees. Its song is a loud - Flicker-flicker-flicker.
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