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Common Herb Species of the Northwest Forest

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Anemone quinquefolia
Wood Anemone
Ranunculaceae (Buttercup Family)

Wood Anemone Description

General - a small, delicate perennial from a slender, horizontal rhizome; usually 10 - 30 cm tall; stems almost hairless.

Leaves - long-stalked, solitary, basal leaf for sterile individuals; flowering plants with a whorl of 3 stem leaves; all leaves deeply divided into 3 or 5 lobes (or leaflets); each lobe deeply notched and sharply toothed.

Flowers - solitary, approximately 2.5 cm across, on a long, terminal stalk; usually with 5 white or faintly purple, petal-like sepals; appearing early-summer.

Fruit -numerous seeds on a cylindrical head, stiff, hooked beak at tip, 1-2 mmm long; developing early-summer.

Habitat

Throughout the southern boreal forest into B.C. Occasional; primarily in fresh/moist hardwood and mixed-wood forest habitats.

Notes

Named after the mythic nymph; used by Victorians and Romans to treat several illnesses. All Anemone contain a minor toxic compound which may act as a local skin irritant.

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