borealforest.org

 
BACK

Common Herb Species of the Northwest Forest

TREES

SHRUBS

GRAMINOIDS

FERNS & FERN-ALLIES

BROPHYTES & LICHENS

GLOSSARIES
Terminology | Pictorial

   
Monotropa uniflora
Indian Pipe
Pyrolaceae (Wintergreen Family)

Indian Pipe Description

General - a perennial, fleshy, waxy-white or rarely pinkish (blackens with age), from fleshy ball of small roots; flowering stems single or in clusters, unbranched; growing 5 - 30 cm tall.

Leaves - alternate, linear to oval, fleshy, scale-like, up to 1 cm long.

Flowers - single; nodding at first, white, narrowly bell-shaped; usually 5 petals erect, 15 - 20 mm long, inner surface hairyl; appearing late-summer.

Fruit - erect, oval to circular capsules, 5 - 7 mm wide, brown, split open when mature; many seeds.

Habitat

Rich woodland; rare and scattered across southern boreal forest, north to Lake Athabasca.

Notes

The common name 'Indian-pipe' refers to the pipe-like flowers. It is also called "Ghost-flower" and "Corpse plant" - names inspired by the unusual colour and texture of the plant. Indian-pipe has been called "Ice plant" because it resembles frozen jelly, and 'melts' when handled. Monotropa comes from the Greek monos, 'one', and tropos, 'direction', in reference to the flowers, which turn to one side.


Return to Top of Page



Home | Forest Capital of Canada | About Our Website |
Ontario's North (West) Forest | Boreal Forests of the World | North (West) Forest Industry |
World Links and Resources | "Forest Finder" Search Engine | Educational Resources |
What's Happening | Contacts | Site Map |