Distinguishing Features - A large sparrow, up to 19 cm long; colouration: brown backed with black streaks; underside, greyish; throat, darker grey with white patch; yellow spot in front of eye; bill dark brown on top, greyish below; legs pink. Female similar but slightly smaller.
Breeds from north-eastern British Columbia east, across Canada's boreal region, south into mid-West U.S. and New England; coniferous and mixed woodland edges, burntlands and thickets.
Seeds and insects; wild fruits.
The song of the White-throated Sparrow is a familiar sound in the summer woods; you could say it sounds like I-love-Canada-Canada-Canada".
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