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Herbs and Other Plant Species of the World's Boreal Forests

World Boreal Trees

GLOSSARIES
Terminology | Pictorial

   
Lycopodium clavatum
Running Ground Pine
Lycopodiaceae

A broad spreading, evergreen clubmoss, growing to a height of 25.5 cm.

Description

Running Ground Pine Distinguishing Features - Leaves: 85 mm long, toothed, tapering to hairlike tip; generally ascending. Cones: cylindrical, 7.6 cm long; one or more on 15 cm long, yellowish stems. Vertical stems: multi-branched, dense leaves. Horizontal stems: branching, interlacing, covering large area; on surface of ground.

Habitat

Circumboreal; northern Eurasia, Greenland and Labrador to Alaska, south to the northwest United States and Colorado, east through the Great Lakes Region to Virginia; in moist, shaded woodlands, open thickets, rocky slopes, pine forests and mixed woods; occasionally swamp and bog edges; prefers loose, acid soil; characteristic of boreal coniferous forests.

Notes

Can be distinguished from other tree like clubmosses by its running habit, and from other running clubmosses by its branching, multiple cones on extremely long stems, and horizontal stem on surface of ground.

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