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Common Mammal Species of Northwestern Ontario

BIRDS

FISHES

REPTILES

INSECTS

   
Odocoileus virginianus
White-tailed Deer

Description

Distinguishing Features - Overall colouration, reddy-tan, grayish in winter; white on belly, throat, eye ring and inside ears. Male antlers curve back and then forward, with sharp tines. Females are slightly smaller in size and have no antlers.

White-tailed Deer Size -
Male: 1.8 - 2.1 m (6 - 7 ft)
Female: 1.6 - 1.9 m (5.25 - 6.5 ft)

Habitat

Frequent throughout southern regions of Northwestern Ontario in wooded areas, forest margins, cedar swamps and open brushy locations.

Diet

Buds, twigs of shrubs and saplings, and evergreen needles in the winter. Grasses, fruits and leaves of shrubs and saplings, evergreen needles and mushrooms in the summer.

Notes

The northern limit of the white-tailed deer population is determined by winter climates. Their thin coat and narrow hooves are not designed to handle severe winters and heavy snows.



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