Common Bird Species of Northwestern Ontario





Branta canadensis
Canada Goose


Distinguishing Features - Head and neck, black; large white patch on cheeks. Upper parts and wings grayish-brown. Feathers tipped with browny-white. Under body, browny-gray with pale feather tips. Rump, slate; upper tail coverts, white; tail, black; lower belly and under tail coverts, white. Neck, long. Bill and legs, black. Male and female are essentially indistinguishable.

Canada Goose Size - 55.8 - 101.6 cm (22.5 - 41 in).


Around waterways and wetlands.


On the ground, close to water, sometimes in an abandoned large nest in a tree, or an artificial platform. Nest is a depression in the ground lined with sticks and grasses, with an inner lining of down. Eggs, 4 - 6; white. Incubation period 24 - 28 days.


The Canada Goose is a widely-recognized national symbol and is readily identified up close or flying swiftly in V-formation during migration. Its familiar call is a harsh, nasal Ka-ronk. The diet is varied, consisting of small aquatic life and insects to plant roots and grains.

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