Bird Species of the World's Boreal Forests


Riparia riparia
Sand Martin
"Bank Swallow"


Sand Martin Distinguishing Features - Small swallow up to 14 cm long; colouration: brown upperparts with a clearly defined dark breast band; white underparts; tail, forked.


Breeds from southern Alaska southwestward throughout Canada's boreal region; also Europe, Scandinavia and most of Eurasia; open terrain, usually near water; nests in colonies on river banks and gravel pits.


Mostly flying insects caught on the wing.


Sand Martins (Bank Swallows) derive their name from their habit of excavating nesting tunnels in sandstone, clay or sand banks, which are then lined with grass and feathers for nesting.

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