Herbs and Other Plant Species of the World's Boreal Forests

World Boreal Trees

Terminology | Pictorial

Viola canadensis
Canada Violet
Violaceae (Violet Family)

A common, fragrant wildflower, growing to a height of 10 - 40 cm.


Canada Violet Distinguishing Features - Leaves: fine-toothed, 2.5 - 7.5 cm long, on slender, purplish stalks, >30 cm long. Flowers: white, bilaterally symmetrical, 2 - 2.5 cm wide, 5 petals, primarily white, yellow at the base, purplish on backs, 3 lower ones adorned with purple lines near base; flowering: late April through June.


Native to southern Canada and northern United States; also some mountainous areas elsewhere; rich, moist soils in deciduous woods woodlands; moist ravines, from lower mountains to tree line.


The Canada Violet is distinguished from other white-flowered species by the axils of upper leaves and the yellow petal bases.

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