Shrub Species of the World's Boreal Forests

World Boreal Trees

Terminology | Pictorial

Sambucus racemosa
Pacific Red Elderberry
Caprifoliaceac (Honeysuckle Family)


Pacific Red Elderberry Distinguishing Features - Leaves: opposite, simple, pinnate, compound; stipules are absent or minute. Flowers: small, usually showy, in clusters, bisexual, regular or irregular, with minute calyx of 4 or 5 teeth or lobes, tubular corolla of 4 or 5 lobes, 4 or 5 stamens alternate and inserted in tube, single pistil with inferior ovary of 1 to 5 cells, each with a single ovule, style, and stigma to 5 lobes. Fruit: a berry or drupe.


Native to western British Columbia and Pacific northwest; in moist soil conditions.


The Pacific Red Elderberry belongs to the honeysuckle family Caprifoliaceae which consists of approximately 400 species of shrubs, small trees and some woody vines; seldom herbs.

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