Shrub Species of the World's Boreal Forests

World Boreal Trees

Terminology | Pictorial

Rubus spectabilis
Rosaceae (Rose Family)

An erect shrub growing to a height of 0.9 - 3.6 m; sometimes forming thickets.


Salmonberry Distinguishing Features - Leaves: alternate, compound with 3 leaflets that are oblong to ovate, 2.5 - 7.5 cm long, doubly toothed, pointed at tip and round at base; colouration: green above, covered with dense whitish hairs beneath; petioles shorter than leaf blade, covered with prickles. Bark: golden to reddish brown, satiny. Flowers: 2.5 - 4 cm wide, dark pink (sometimes red), single or 2 to 3 in open cluster; petals 5, sepals 5, hairy, pointed; Appering: March to July, depending on location. Fruit: ovoid or globose, blackberry-shape and size, 1.3 - 2.5 cm long, yellow, orange, or salmon-red, consisting of numerous individual small drupelets tightly packed around a central receptacle.


Native to Alaska, south through British Columbia to California; eastward to Idaho and Montana; in moist woods, along streams; also sunny mountain slopes under moist conditions.


The juicy fruit of the Salmonberry is edible and makes for a good snack for hikers.

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