Herbs and Other Plant Species of the World's Boreal Forests

World Boreal Trees

Terminology | Pictorial

Geranium maculatum
Wild Geranium
Geraniaceae (Geranium Family)


Wild Geranium Distinguishing Features - Leaves: 10 - 12.5 cm wide; grayish-green, cut into deeply toothed lobes, basal leaves long-stalked. Flowers: lavender, 2.5 - 3.8 cm wide, in loose clusters of 2 to 5 at the ends of branches; 5 sepals, pointed; 5 petals, rounded, separate; 10 stamens;single pistil. Fruit: an elongated, beaked capsule, splitting up from the base and producing 5 upward-curving strips united at the base.


Most common in Manitoba and Ontario; also Pennsylvania to Southern Maine; in woods, thickets, and meadows; also rocky slopes, open areas and shady roadsides.


Geraniums are recognized by their palmately-lobed leaves and distinctive capsules. The species is sometimes called the "Cranesbill", from the Greek geranos meaning "crane", because of the capsule which resembles a crane's bill.

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