Tree Species of the World's Boreal Forests

Herbs, Shrubs and Other Plants

Terminology | Pictorial

Larix decidua
European Larch
Pinaceae (Pine Family)

A deciduous conifer, pyramidal in habit with horizontal branches and weeping branchlets, becomings more irregular with age; growing to a height of 24 - 30 m.


European Larch Distinguishing Features - Summer Foliage: soft, flat needles 2.5 - 3.2 cm long, bright green in spring, darkening with maturity, found in groups on spurs or in a spiral arrangement down long branches.
Autumn Foliage: needles turn yellow before dropping, typically showy.

Flowers: monoecious, both male and female strobili cover tree in early spring; female: egg-shaped about 6 - 18 mm long, in reds, pinks, yellows, or green; male: smaller and yellow moderately attractive. Fruit: purple cones dry to brown young cones somewhat showy ovoid, 2.5 - 3.8 cm long, scales pubescent on backside, overlapped but not reflexed; cones are persistent. Bark: grayish brown outer bark loose elongated plates reveal a reddish inner bark young stems are yellowish and furrowed.


Native to Europe; prefers mountainous regions with well-drained, slightly acidic to neutral soil conditions.


The European Larch is closely-related to North America's Tamarack Larix laricina.

Return to Top of Page

Home | Forest Capital of Canada | About Our Website |
Ontario's North (West) Forest | Boreal Forests of the World | North (West) Forest Industry |
World Links and Resources | "Forest Finder" Search Engine | Educational Resources |
What's Happening | Contacts | Site Map |