Tree Species of the World's Boreal Forests

Herbs, Shrubs and Other Plants

Terminology | Pictorial

Pinus ponderosa
Ponderosa Pine
Pinaceae (Pine Family)

A large tree with broad, open, conical crown of spreading branches, growing to a height of 18 - 39 m and a diameter of 0.8 - 1.2 m; occasionally larger.

Ponderosa Pine Description

Distinguishing Features - Needles: evergreen; usually 2 or 3 in bundle; generally 10 - 20 cm long; stout, stiff, dark green. Bark: blackish, rough, and furrowed into ridges; Cones: 5 -15 cm long; conical or egg-shaped, almost stalkless, light reddish-brown; opening and shedding at maturity, leaving a few cone-scales on twig; cone-scales raised and keeled, ending in short, sharp prickle; small, long-winged seeds.


Widely distributed; British Columbia east to North Dakota, south to Texas, and west to California; also nortern Mexico; prefers mountainous terrain in pure stands, forming extensive forests; also in mixed coniferous forests.


This valuable timber tree is the most commercially important western pine. Its lumber is especially suited for window frames and panel doors.

Return to Top of Page

Home | Forest Capital of Canada | About Our Website |
Ontario's North (West) Forest | Boreal Forests of the World | North (West) Forest Industry |
World Links and Resources | "Forest Finder" Search Engine | Educational Resources |
What's Happening | Contacts | Site Map |