Common Mammal Species of Northwestern Ontario





Canis latrans
"Brush Wolf"


Distinguishing Features - Overall colouration, varied, from gray tones to brownish-red. Muzzle, outer ear surfaces, forelegs and feet are generally reddy-brown to yellowish; belly and throat, whitish; tail, yellowish-brown but lighter underneath, tipped in black. Hair, bristly.

Coyote Size -
1.02 - 1.35 m (3.4 - 4.5 ft)


Primarily in southern areas of Northwestern Ontario in mixed forests as well as cleared or burned-over areas.


The coyote is more of an opportunistic feeder than the true carnivore one would expect. Besides carrion, it will eat hares, smaller rodents, birds, snakes and frogs, as well as berries, acorns and eggs from unattended nests. Coyotes will on occasion attack weak or injured white-tailed deer,


Coyotes will at times live in packs, sometimes in pairs (male and female), but often alone. The degree of sociability is usually determined by the abundance of available food. When ample game is available, the pack size is usually larger. In tougher times, the coyote prefers to fend for itself.

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