Common Mammal Species of Northwestern Ontario





Alces alces


Distinguishing Features - The largest member of the deer family. Large drooping snout and a "bell" under throat; short tail. Legs, long; hooves, broad. Overall colouration, dark brown to black, with grayish legs; lower belly and underside of legs, whitish. Males have brownish foreheads while females are more gray. Males have large, broad antlers with prongs projecting from the margins. Females are somewhat smaller in size and have no antlers.

Moose Size -
Male: 2.25 - 2.75 m (7.5 - 9.25 ft)
Female: 2 - 2.5 m (6.5 - 8.5 ft)


Widespread throughout Northwestern Ontario in wooded areas and adjoining swamps, lakeshores and streams.


Twigs, and shrubs, bark of saplings in the winter. Leaves, water plants, grass in the summer.


Moose are a common sight on our rural roads throughout the seasons. In the summer, they seek respite from black flies and mosquitoes in the open spaces around highways. In the winter, they seek road salt to supplement their low-sodium diet.

Because of their size, moose have few predators with the exception of wolves which are apt to attack calves or injured individuals.

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